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2012年南京市秦淮区中考英语二模试卷及答案

来源:http://nj.zhongkao.com/e/20131022/526640d074935.shtml    作者:http://files.eduuu.com/ohr/2013/05/09/162211_518b5cb393f1c.zip    2013-10-22 17:08:32

标签:试题答案 中考二模说两句

南京市联合体(秦淮、浦口、下关、沿江)2012年中考复习学情分析样题(二)

英   语                 

注意事项:

1.本试卷共10页。全卷满分96分。考试时间为120分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全部答在答题卡上,  答在本试卷上无效。

2.请将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡上。

3.答选择题必须用2B铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,  请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置,在其它位置答题一律无效。

选择题 (共45分)

一、单项填空(共15小题,  每小题1分,  满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,  选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. —How was        food at Lucy’s house?

   —Great. Her mother is        wonderful cook.

   A. a; the            B. the; a           C. the; the         D. a; an

2. Bruce Lee was a famous film star        made Kungfu popular in the west.

   A. whose         B. who              C. which       D. whom

3. —Why weren’t you at the meeting?

   —I        for a call from my husband in Guangdong.

   A. waited       B. had waited      C. was waiting      D. will wait

4. The magazine        be Lily’s, for we can find her name on the cover.

   A. can          B. might            C. could            D. must

5. —Tom’s desk is always clean and tidy.

   —Yes, he        his school things every day.

   A. puts away         B. puts on          C. puts out         D. puts up

6. Food safety is important. Rules        to stop people from food pollution.

   A. must make         B. must be made     C. can’t make      D. can’t be made

7. —Look! The boys are playing football excitedly!

   —       good time they have!

   A. How               B. What             C. What a      D. How a

8. —There is a girl in front of our classroom. Do you know       ?

   —She is an English teacher.

   A. who is she        B. who she is      C. what is she      D. what she is

9.        study is hard work, we’d better continue to the end.

   A. Though            B. Unless           C. Because          D. If

10. Another tunnel from Saihongqiao to Gupinggang will be built        two years.

   A. after             B. for              C. in               D. during 

11. —Bill hasn’t paid for the school things, has he?

   —      . Her mother will pay for them.

   A. Yes, he has       B. No, he hasn’t       C. Yes, he did     D. No, he didn’t

12. The number of the students in our school        than that of theirs.

   A. is more           B. is less         C. are larger      D. is larger

13. New Zealand has two islands. One is North Island and        is South Island.

   A. another           B. theother       C. other            D. the others

14. —How are things going with you?

   —     

   A. Quite well, thank you.                B. Good, and you?

   C. Don’t ask me the problem.            D. Let me tell you.

15. —I’m sorry. I’m a little late.

   —      . The meeting has just begun.

A. Don’t be sorry                           B. You’re welcome

   C. It doesn’t matter                   D. Sorry, we didn’t wait for you

二、完形填空(共10小题,  每小题1分,  满分10分)

阅读下面短文,  从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,  选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Feeling lonely can make you sick. Doctors have long known that loneliness can cause many health problems and even death. What they didn’t know is   16   this feeling causes illness. A study in the online magazine Genome Biology   17   that loneliness actually influences the important part of our bodies—our genes.

In a small population of patients, researchers   18   more than 20,000 genes to compare how the genes of lonely and non-lonely individuals (个体) express themselves in molecular processes (分子过程) and in personal health. They found that gene expression is   19   inchronically (长期地) lonely people. “We now have a new way for understanding the relationship   20    social experience and physical health,” explains the study’s lead author, Steve Cole of University of California, Los Angeles.

“This study—the first to link (联系)   21   with gene changes—is special and exciting,” says Emma Adam, a professor of human development at Northwestern University. “It   22   inthe black box.”

According to John Cacioppo, an author of the study from the University of Chicago, the

work suggests that loneliness is a warning   23  , much like physical pain. “This feeling is so bad because   24   of us wants to be forgotten; that’s also what human means,” he says. “It makes us   25   for other people and want to be with friends when we’re lonely.”

16. A. when             B. where       C. how              D. if

17. A. explains         B. talks            C. replies          D. answers

18. A. collected            B. grew             C. found            D. surveyed

19. A. important        B. different       C. interesting          D. difficult

20. A. in               B. between          C. about            D. both

21. A. work             B. health           C. life             D. feelings

22. A. fills            B. makes        C. builds           D. repairs

23. A. note             B. sign             C. sound       D. picture

24. A. each             B. nothing          C. any              D. none

25. A. look             B. live             C. care             D. think

三、阅读理解(共20小题, 每小题1分,  满分20分)

    阅读下列材料,  从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,  选出最佳选项。

A

Laboratory work is your chance to learn science first-hand. It can be fun but you must be careful to prevent injury. Listen closely when your teacher reads and explains the rules before your first lab lesson.

LABORATORY RULES

Throughout the lesson

Do not enter the science lab without the teacher’s permission.

No food or drinks are to be allowed in the science lab.

Before the Experiment

Read all instructions carefully before every experiment.

Prepare all apparatus (仪器) and arrange them so that you will not knock them over while doing the experiment.

During the Experiment

If you are unsure of how to use any apparatus or how to operate, ask your teacher for help.

Never smell or taste chemicals unless your teacher gives permission.

After the Experiment

Wash all apparatus after use and return them to the places where they were.

Throw waste materials in proper waste baskets.

First Aid

Report all accidents to your teacher immediately.

If you spill (溅出) any chemicals onto your body of clothing, wash with plenty of water and report to your teacher.

26. Your teacher will probably tell you the rules above        the first lab lesson.

   A. before            B. since            C. during           D. after

27. Before every experiment, you should       .

   A. taste the chemicals first                 B. clean all the apparatus

   C. read all instructions carefully           D. report all the accidents to the teacher

28. When you are not sure how to use all apparatus,       .

   A. try them on your own                  B. put them back

   C. ask your teacher for help                 D. read the rules carefully

29. It is clear that you can       .

   A. bring food into the lab              B. enter the lab anytime

   C. smell chemicals as you like               D. learn science directly in the lab

30. If you get chemicals on the clothing, you can find ways to solve it in the part       .

A. Before the Experiment                 B. First Aid

C. During the Experiment                 D. After the Experiment

B

Chen Guangbiao was born in Jiangsu in July,1968. He is the chairperson of a company in Jiangsu. Now he is one of China’s richest men and he has donated a great amount of money to charity projects. He says he will donate everything he has to charity after he dies.

When people are in need of help, he will appear at once. He helped people during the Wenchuan earthquake, the Yunnan earthquake and the Taiwan earthquake. He also gave a helping hand in Japan’s earthquake. He has built many Hope Primary Schools to support the education in poor areas.

He doesn’t do charity for honour. He wants to encourage more people to make contributions to charity. After announcing he would donate everything to charity after his death, many businesses, overseas Chinese people and common people encouraged by him have also promised to do something for charity.

As a philanthropist (慈善家), he is asked for help every day. Sometimes he gets very tired, but he has never stopped caring.

So far, he has received a lot of awards, including Pioneer of the Year, and National May Day Labour Medal. He is considered as one of China’s top philanthropists.

31. The article is probably taken from       .

   A. a newspaper       B. a novel          C. a detective story    D. a science book

32. Chen Guangbiao says he will donate        to charity after he dies.

   A. nothing                          B. some schools

   C. everything he has                     D. his whole company

33. What does he do charity for?

   A. He wants to do charity for money.

B. He wants to do charity for pleasure.

C. He wants to ask people to help him.

D. He wants to encourage more people to contribute to charity.

34. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

   A. He is from Jiangsu.                       B. He has got a lot of awards.

   C. He has helped people in need.         D. He has visited many countries.

35. Which do you think is the best title for the passage?

   A. Earthquakes                      B. Hope Primary Schools

   C. Pioneer of the Year                   D. Philanthropist Chen Guangbiao

C

One day a lonely girl found two weak birds while she was walking in the woods (树林). She took them home and put them in a small cage. She fed them with love and the birds grew strong. Every morning they greeted her with a beautiful song. The girl loved them very much and wanted their singing to last forever.

One day the girl left the cage’s door open. The 1arger and stronger of the two birds flew out of the cage. The girl watched worriedly as it circled (盘旋) high above her. She was afraid that it would fly away and she would never see it again. So when it flew close, she grasped (抓) at it wildly. She was very happy that she held it tightly within her hand! Suddenly, she felt something had happened to the bird. She opened her hand and was surprised to find the bird was dead. Her love for the bird killed it.

She noticed the other bird jumping in the cage. She could feel that it wanted to be free. It hoped to fly into the clear, blue sky. She lifted (举起) it from the cage and flew it into the air. The bird circled once, twice, three times …

When the bird was flying happily in the sky, she was so glad. Just then the bird flew closer and sat softly on her shoulder. It sang the sweetest song she had ever heard.

    The fastest way to lose love is to hold it tight. The best way to keep love is to let it fly!

36. The girl loved the two birds very much because       .

   A. they greeted her every morning        B. they didn’t eat much food

   C. they liked staying in the cage quietly    D. they were hungry but very strong

37. One day the girl forgot to close the door to the cage and        of the two birds flew out of the cage.

A. the sick                              B. the female  

C. the larger and stronger                   D. the white and blue

38. The girl held the bird tightly in her hand because she was afraid that       .

   A. it would be killed                    B. it was feeling cold

   C. the other bird felt lonely                D. it would fly away

39. The girl felt that the other bird        when it was jumping in the cage.

   A. wanted to see what happened           B. wanted to be free

   C. wanted to sing a beautiful song again     D. wanted to eat something

40. What does the story want to tell us?

   A. To keep love is to let it fly.                B. The cage is used to keep birds.

   C. The birds are easily killed.            D. We should protect the endangered birds.

D

Did you notice the number on the book in a library? That number is part of the system used by libraries to organize their collections of books. And it’s used in many countries. The number on each book tells you exactly what kind of book it is. This system is alsouseful for knowing where to go in the library to find a book.

In this system, there are ten large groups of books. Each of these groups has its own number, such as 100, 200, etc. So, for example, any books about language will have a number 400. On the other hand, any books about history will have a number 900. So, a number in the hundreds place tells you what general group a book is in. If you find a book that has a number in the 500s, you know it is a book about science.

However, science is a big group, so the tens place is used to make a more detailed set of science books. For example, math books are included in the group of science books. Math books all have numbers between 510 and 519. Books about the history of Africa have numbers between 960 and 969.

The system uses the ones place to give a more exact limit for the subject of a book. A book on the history of South Africa will have the number 968.

As you can see, it is a simple system to use as long as you understand what the numbers mean. With this system, the library can keep its books well organized, and people can easily find the book that they want.

41. The reading is about       .

   A. libraries                             B. working in a library

   C. how numbers are organized             D. how books are organized in libraries

42. The number system is NOT used to       .

   A. find where a book is 

B. tell you the title of a book

   C. tell you what kind of book a book is        

D. organize the collections of books in libraries

43. According to the reading, which sentence is TRUE?

   A. The number on a book can’t be bigger than 900.

   B. There are ten big groups for books in this system.

   C. History books can have any number between 500 and 900.

   D. This system uses both numbers and letters for some books.

44. A book about math can be found in the same group of books as       .

   A. reference books   B. school books     C. science books   D. art books

45. Which two numbers would indicate a book about language and a book about science?

   A. 439 and 493       B. 439 and 568      C. 530 and 560     D. 563 and 436

 

非选择题 (共51分)

四、填空(共16小题,每小题1分,满分16分)

A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为46—50的相应位置上。

46. The 62-year-old Meryl Streep won an Oscar for her role in the film The Iron Lady for the

      ▲    (第三) time.

47. Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping paid an official    ▲    (访问) to the United States from Feb 13th to Feb 18th , 2012.

48. The Great Wall is one of the    ▲    (奇观)of the world.

49. The roads are becoming more and more    ▲    (拥挤) because of too much traffic.

50. —Would you mind    ▲    (开) the door? It’s too hot.

—Of course not.

B)根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为51—56的相应位置上。

51. US singer and actress Whitney Huston was found    ▲    (die) in her bathroom on Feb 13th, 2012.

52. Mother Teresa spent all her time she could    ▲    (care)for the poor.

53. I didn’t want to be treated    ▲    (different) from anyone else.

54. Ricky will always remember the    ▲    (please) trip to Hong Kong Disneyland he had last summer.

55. Recently the drought is serious in the    ▲    (south) part of China.

56. Tian’anmen Square is the biggest square in the world and is often    ▲   (fill) with tourists.

C)根据短文内容,从下面方框中选择适当的词组填空,使短文内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为57—61的相应位置上。

growing up   feels worried about   put on   to wait for   takes good care of

Only Mother Love is true love. It gives everybody everything all his life. When you are still a baby, mother   57   you as much as possible. In your waking hours she always holds you in her arms. When you are ill, she stops her work to look after you day and night. When you are   58   day by day, she feels very happy. When you are old enough to go to school, mother still looks after you. On cold winter days, she always tells you to   59   more clothes. She always stands in the wind   60   you back from school. When you hurry to leave home for school with little breakfast, she always   61   you at home. When you do well at school, the brightest smile will be seen on her face.

Mother is always ready to give everything she has to her children, not to receive. What true love that is in the world! We will remember Mother Love forever.

五、阅读短文(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

A)阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第62—71小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为62—71的相应位置上。

注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

You have probably heard it before, most likely from your English teacher. If you want to become a good writer, read good writing. Unluckily, you may not have understood what did good to you and even what you were supposed to get from that experience.

As you start reading a book, poem, or story, do so with no thought at all and the experience will improve your writing. Just read for pleasure to begin with, or to learn. As you progress through the work, think about whether it is “easy” reading or not. Do you become so interested in the subject and flow of the writing that you completely forget the person who wrote it, or does the composition sometimes call too much attention to itself through words and phrases that seem out of place or unexpected? The second situation is a chance to learn from the writer’s mistakes. In fact, the reader should not have to worry about how a writer does “his thing” ... he should be able to just enjoy and learn. Every time a word strikes you as poorly chosen, stop to consider why it has this effect. Also, do not spend a lot of time analyzing (分析) the passage but put more efforts in enjoying it from the whole.

Another thing I do, particularly with nonfiction (非小说) books, is to select a part to read as if it is a completely separate work. Once again, read as a common reader rather than a critic (批评家). For learning how words and phrases work together on the most basic level, however, nothing is more suitable than devoting yourself to reading poems. A poet is often trying to put a book’s worth of meaning and feelings into lines, and every side of the work shows a very close attention to craft (工艺).

As you can see, there is no simple way of reading to improve your writing. The key is not to make it boring. Select writers you admire or like most, and enjoy their works as anyone else would. As long as you are reading, you are improving yourself as a writer.

Improving Your Writing by Reading

Facts

Ø  Reading good writing   62   you become a good writer.

Ø  You don’t understand the   63   of reading and what to get from reading.

Ways

Ø  Read not to learn but for   64  .

1) Develop a great   65   inthe subject and flow of the writing.

2) Learn from the writer’s   66   if possible.

3)   67   shouldn’t be spent in analyzing the passage but in enjoying the passage from the whole.

Ø  Read as a common consumer rather than a critic.

Ø    68   yourself to reading poems and enjoy the lines.

Conclusions

Ø  Don’t make yourself   69   with reading.

Ø  Select your   70   writers and enjoy their works.

Ø  You are sure to make   71   during reading.

 

B)根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为72—81的相应位置上。

Lots of people in the world like listening to folk songs. A folk song is a song that is “from the p  72  ”. Every c  73   has folk songs. Usually, they are quiet, simple songs. People often sing them with just a g  74   of a few other instruments. Some folk songs are so o  75   that no one knows who wrote them or when they were written. Other folk songs are by songwriters who are interested in people’s l  76   and experiences. Woody Guthrie was one of those songwriters.

Woody Guthrie was born in a very small town in Oklahoma in 1912. Guthrie first learned to play the guitar from his grandfather in 1917. He soon began to p  77  with other people in the area. Step by step, people liked his music.

In 1929, the economy was bad. Many people were not working, and there were many poor people. Guthrie began to travel around the country looking for work. Guthrie became interested in singing about people and their p  78   during this period.

In the winter of 1940, Guthrie decided to go to New York. On his way, he created “This Land is Your Land.” The song talks about places and things people love. The last line of the song says, “This land was made for you and me.” These words tell people that e  79   is equal.

Woody Guthrie died in 1967, but his music l  80   on. His music is an important part of American h  81   and culture. And to this day, people love to sing the folk songs written by him.

六、书面表达(满分15分)

世界在发展,文化在交融,英语已经成为人们沟通的桥梁。怎样学好英语是我们一直在求索的问题。多年的学习经历你积累了一定的成功经验,请就怎样学好英语谈谈你的建议。 词数:80词左右(开头已给出,  不计入总词数)

How to learn English well?

English is important and useful to us. How can we learn it well? Here are my suggestions.

                                     ▲                                    

                                     ▲                                     

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