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2013年南京市栖霞区中考英语二模试卷及答案

来源:http://nj.zhongkao.com/e/20130926/5243c2f939dd3.shtml    作者:http://files.eduuu.com/ohr/2013/09/26/131336_5243c280ef6e8.rar    2013-09-26 13:15:43

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栖霞区2013年中考二模英语试题

             2013.05

注意事项:

1.本试卷共10页。全卷满分96分。考试时间为120分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全部答在答题卡上,答在本试卷上无效。

2.请将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡上。

3.答选择题必须用2B铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置,在其它位置答题一律无效。

选择题 (共45分)

一、单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. Nanjing, _______ old city of landscape forest, is preparing for _______ Second Asian Youth Games in August.

A. the; the          B. an; the          C.  a; the          D. a; a

2. —Which do you like better, juice or coffee?

   —       . I prefer tea.

A. Both              B. All              C. Neither          D. None

3. Please turn to page        and let’s read the        passage.

A. twentieth; three B. twenty; third        C. twentieth; third D. twenty; three

4. —Why did you vote for Maggie?

   —Because she is very       . She always shares things with others.

A. creative          B. selfish          C. generous         D. active

5. It is reported that PM2.5 pollution is the main problem       air pollution today.

A. in                B. at               C. by               D. with

6. We have just moved into a new flat, and we need to buy some        in the mall nearby.

   A. drawers           B. hutches          C. furniture        D. jewellery

7. He        tells a lie, so we all believe him.

A. never             B. often            C. sometimes        D. always

8. —Li hasn’t passed the driving test, has he?

   —      , though he tried his best.

A. Yes, he has       B. No, he hasn’t       C. No, he didn’t       D. Yes, he did

9. The Reading Club        twenty girls and thirteen boys.

A. consists of       B. makes up of      C. makes of        D. fills in

10. —       do we have a meeting?

— In order to choose our monitor.

A. What              B. Why              C. How          D. Where

11. —Do you know       ?

   —In 2014.

A. when Metro Line 3 will come into use     

B. when does Metro Line 3 come into use

   C. when will Metro Line 3 will come into use

D. when is Metro Line 3 going to come into use

12. H7N9 bird flu is a virus        can make people die. We’d better stay away from birds at present.

A. who               B. which            C. what             D. whom

13. —Is that man your best friend Brown?

—No, it        be him. He flew to Singapore yesterday.

A. mustn’t          B. may not          C. needn’t         D. can’t

14. President Xi Jinping often says that the China dream        only by many years of hard work .

A. was realized     B. will be realized     C. has been realized    D. is realized

15. —Help yourself to some more meat, Linda.

      .  

A. I’m full, thanks                     B. It’s my pleasure  

C. It doesn’t matter                    D. Very well, thank you

二、完形填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I was sitting at my desk today, looking out of the window. I once again saw the old homeless man crossing the street,   16   asuitcase.

I remembered that every time I had looked out, feeling sorry   17   giving him nothing.

So I ran out of the front door and ran after the old man. When I reached him I asked him   18   I could buy him lunch. He looked   19   but accepted, warning me he had a big appetite (胃口)!

We went to a Vietnamese restaurant. I told the waiter to give the guy whatever he wanted and I would   20   it.

I sat down for a moment and asked the old man how he was living. He told me he was   21   behind the courthouse because it was warmer there. I told him I would give him a few jackets to keep him   22  . Then to my surprise, he asked if he could give me something!

He put some   23   jewellery on the table. Then he   24   acopper (铜) necklace to give me.

Before I left, I asked him what his name was. He told me his name was Michael.

I did not think I   25   him anything, but felt he gave me more than I could have asked for. He helped me overcome (克服) my shyness and encouraged me to do more good things to others.

16. A. carrying         B. walking          C. meeting          D. watching

17. A. for              B. with             C. because          D. except

18. A. why              B. how              C. if               D. when

19. A. surprised            B. sad              C. happy            D. hungry

20. A. put up               B. look at          C. get on           D. pay for

21. A. working          B. playing          C. sleeping         D. keeping

22. A. clean                B. warm             C. fresh                D. cool

23. A. formal           B. false                C. real             D. clear

24. A. chose                B. made             C. left             D. reached

25. A. showed           B. asked                C. told             D. gave

三、阅读理解(共20小题, 每小题1分,满分20分)

    阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Every thunderstorm produces lightning. Lightning is very dangerous. In the United States, about 80 people die from lightning each year. Usually, thunderstorms produce heavy rain from 30 minutes to an hour. What should we do if we happen to meet a thunderstorm? Now let’s look at the table below.

Where you are

What you should do

In an open area

Go to a lower place,such as a valley. Be careful for floods.

In open water

Get to land and find a shelter at once.

In a forest

Look for shelter in a low area.

Anywhere you feel your hair stand on end (means lightning is going to happen)

Squat (蹲) low to the ground. Place your hands over your ears and your head between your knees. Make yourself as small as possible. Don’t lie on the ground. It’s very dangerous.

26. How long may the heavy rain last in a thunderstorm?

A. About 15 minutes B. About 5 minutes  C. About 45 minutes D. About 75 minutes

27. Which of the following is NOT true?

   A. Every thunderstorm makes people die.

   B. Your hair standing on end means that lightning will happen soon.

   C. If a thunderstorm happens when you are in an open area, you can go to a valley.

   D. If a thunderstorm happens when you are in open water, you should try to be on land.

28. What’s the main idea of this passage?

   A. Tell people what a thunderstorm is.

   B. Ask people to fight against lightning.

   C. Tell readers experiences in a thunderstorm.

   D. Tell people how to protect themselves in a thunderstorm.

B

I have known Ting for a long time. She was a friend of mine in high school. Ting used to see me as her best friend in my class because, as she said, it was easy to be friends with me. Therefore, when we had time in school, she often came to me and we would talk about many things. Though I didn’t have special feelings about this friend, I was fine with this because I didn’t see the reason why I should say “no” to a friend I didn’t hate.

But there was a while when she came to me, and usually said nothing meaningful. I started to feel tired and then tried not to meet her. After that she never came to me. Though guilty, I started to feel free about my life and never thought of anything about her feeling.

After a month or two, I heard from other friends that Ting’s father had passed away six months before. I was so shocked! Then I suddenly realized why Ting had often come to me but said nothing special. She needed my company (陪伴). I felt so bad about myself that I went to find her the next day. But I onlyfound that she had moved away to another place.

At that time, I found myself so selfish that I only thought of myself but didn’t even try to ask a friend what happened in her life.

29. “I was fine with this because ….” What does “this” mean here?

A. Ting’s coming to the writer.        B. The things Ting said.

   C. The writer’s own feeling.            D. Ting is easy to be with.

30. What did the writer think of Ting in the beginning?

   A. The writer didn’t like Ting.  

B. The writer felt bored with Ting.

   C. Ting was considered the best friend.

   D. The writer had no special feelings about Ting.

31. What is the story about?

   A. About happiness.                  B. About friends.

   C. About the meaning of life.                D. About how to be with friends.

32. Which is NOT true according to the passage?

   A. Ting is not the writer’s best friend.

   B. Ting told the writer that her father died.

   C. The writer didn’t care enough about her friend.

   D. The writer is sorry for what she has done to her friend.

C

Though the ways of teaching have come a long way, the ways of communicating between teachers and students are almost the same. But now, a European country is trying to change that by building schools that have no classrooms, no subject lessons and best of all, no grades.

The idea behind the special school is that children are creative. And researchers also think that kids’ learning and ideas are as important as those of the CEO of Google, so why not give them a similar environment? Kids may be successful in such an environment.

To make kids more creative, the schools are built with special learning areas instead of traditional classrooms. And even the lessons are taught in a special way, with mobile phones and computers.

There is no “right” or “wrong” kind of education. The school believes that everything is a learning experience, whether it is about a serious science project or making a movie inside the school’s recording studio.

One of the special schools opened in August, 2011. It has five learning areas. The Cave is a secluded place where students fix their attention on individual (个人的) projects without being bothered (打扰). The Lab is a place where students can do all kinds of experiments and test their ideas. Kids can work in groups in the same projects in The Camp Fire. The Show Off is where kids can show their inventions. And if the kids need a rest, they can visit The Watering Hole, which has all kinds of fun activities.

Sounds great? And the coolest thing is that the school is free! I hope more schools like this will appear in the world!

33. What is the idea behind the school?

   A. The children are creative.            B. All the students need to be taught.

   C. All the students must be successful.      D. All the students must have high grades.

34. From the passage we can infer (推断) that       .

   A. students are bored in the school         

B. students are tired in the school

   C. students learn freely in the school    

D. students learn from their teachers in the school

35. “The Cave is a secluded place ….” The word “secluded” probably means “      ” in Chinese.

   A. 清静的       B. 固定的           C. 预定的           D. 混合的

36. Paragraph 5 mainly tells us that       .

   A. the school doesn’t have grades           B. the school has clever students

   C. the school has five learning areas       D. the school doesn’t have classrooms

D

In today’s Internet age, the need for online games continues to grow. There are online computer game centers in many cities and towns throughout Asia. Facing the pressures of school and life, people like to relax in the virtual (虚拟的) world, expecting a diversion from these problems. Often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions (成瘾).

This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea. The country has the world’s highest percentage of high-speed internet services. It also has a large number of online game players and related problems. In 2002, a young man died while playing online games. He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet café. Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused (困惑的) between the online world and real life. A 12-year-old boy stole US $16,000 from his father and ran away from home. He did this to continue playing an online game. Such problems, however, don’t just happen in South Korea. They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr. SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist (临床心理学家), researches Internet addiction. She discovered some signs of at-risk persons such as lacking friendships or good social skills. They feel it so necessary to play online games that they could give up things such as school or family. They feel the need to spend more and more time online. And they become unhappy if anyone tries to stop their online game playing.

Make sure to control your online game playing. If you don’t control it, it can get control of you.

37. From Paragraph 1, we know that       .

   A. people have to work very hard in school and life

   B. people like online games more than anything else

   C. virtual world can always make people relaxed and feel better

   D. online games always lead to problems and unhealthy addictions

38. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following statements is NOT true?

   A. A young man died while playing online games.

   B. The young killer’s sister was killed in a virtual world.

   C. The teenage boy stole money to continue playing an online game.

   D. South Korea has the world’s highest percentage of high-speed Internet services.

39. What can we learn from the passage?

   A. There are few online game players in South Korea.

B. Most people want to give up playing the online games.

C. Online game addictions cause many arguments in China.

D. Lonely and unsociable people seem to more easily develop internet addictions.

40. These are the signs of at–risk persons except       .

   A. being easy-going and having social skills

   B. feeling it so necessary to play online games

   C. feeling the need to spend more and more time online

   D. becoming unhappy if anyone tries to stop their online game playing

41. What is mainly discussed in the passage?

   A. The disadvantages of the Internet.        B. The online game problems in Asia.

   C. The cause of online game addiction.   D. The popularity of online games worldwide.

E

Hearst Castle (城堡) in San Simeon, California, is now one of the most famous buildings in the world. The Great castle has 58 bedrooms, 61 bathrooms, a theater, and a zoo! It was designed by a female architect(女建筑师) named Julia Morgan, who worked on it for more than 20 years. Hearst Castle is her most famous work, but she also built more than 800 other buildings. Her great talent and success helped other women to become architects.

Julia Morgan was born in 1872 in San Francisco, California. After finishing high school, Morgan went to the University of California at Berkeley. In 1894, she became the first woman to graduate from the university with a degree in civil engineering(土木工程). Two years later, Morgan left for Paris to further her study. In 1902, she graduated from the Eole des Beaux Arts, the most famous art school in the world at that time.

Morgan returned to California and became the first woman to receive an architect’s license. In 1904, she opened her own architectural office. Soon Morgan had a lot of work and needed to hire assistants to help her. She tried to hire women whenever possible. She also gave money to several schools to help female architecture students.

In 1919, a very rich American named William Randolph Hearst hired Morgan to design a castle. He wrote Morgan hundreds of letters full of instructions, and he often changed his mind. Sometimes he told her to build something, then he told her to take it down and rebuild it in another place. But Morgan paid careful attention to Hearst’s requests and wasn’t afraid of hard work. She would climb ladders to check the work herself. From 1919 until 1947, she traveled 200 miles from San Francisco to San Simeon three weekends a month.

In 1946, Morgan closed her office and traveled for the rest of her life. she died in 1957. Her buildings still influence architects today.

42. According to the passage, Hearst Castle       .

A. was completed in 1939                 B. was Morgan’s first work

C. has over a hundred rooms              D. is in San Francisco, California

43. In Paragraph 2, the author mainly tells us       .

A. the personal life of Morgan         

B. how Morgan became an architect

C. why Morgan left California for Paris  

D. the difficulties Morgan faced when studying

44. We learn from Paragraph 3 that Morgan       .

A. was very creative and optimistic          

B. was always active in helping the poor

C.was good at winning support from others

D. tried to help other women to become architects

45. Which of the following words can be used to describe Morgan according to Paragraph 4?

A. Polite and friendly.                 B. Honest and kind.

C. Patient and hard- working.           D. Warm-hearted and brave.

非选择题 (共51分)

四、填空(共16小题,每小题1分,满分16分)

A) 根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为46—51的相应位置上。

46. Spring is the best time to    ▲    (种植) flowers.

47. It hasn’t rained for a long time in the southwest of China, so people there need    ▲   (水) greatly.

48.The T-shirt    ▲    (相配) my blue jeans, doesn’t it?

49. We must try our best to protect our    ▲    (自然) to make the sky blue every day.

50. Many foreign young people come to China to learn Chinese history and    ▲    (文化).

51. That football match will be covered    ▲    (实况直播) on TV on Saturday.

B) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为52—56的相应位置上。

52. It’s    ▲    (possible) for us to finish the project within 48 hours if we don’t work together.

53. When the earthquake happened, people in the shopping mall were running    ▲    (wild) in all directions.

54. As teenagers,we’re old enough    ▲    (help) with housework, such as helping set the table, washing the dishes and cleaning our own rooms.

55. Jack is used to    ▲    (eat) Chinese food now.

56. Why not    ▲    (join) an English club to practice speaking English?

 C) 根据短文内容,从下面方框中选择适当的词或词组填空,使短文内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为57—61的相应位置上。

especially    like    makes people hungry    red furniture    at first

Restaurant owners have to know how to make food. They also have to know how to make money. Here are some things they’ve learned from scientific studies. The color red   57  . Red also makes customers eat faster. Many fast food restaurants, therefore, have   58   or walls. Soft colors   59   pink and light blue, make people look good, but it makes food look bad. Loud music may be nice   60  , but it soon makes people want to leave. Hard seats also make customers want to eat quickly and leave. Many restaurants,   61   fast food restaurants, use this knowledge to make customers eat faster. Customers only sit for about 20 minutes before they leave. Because customers don’t stay very long, small restaurants can serve many people every day.

五、阅读短文(共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

A) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第62—71小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为62—71的相应位置上。

注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

Your parents always tell you that a good education is the key to a successful future. For those of you who have graduated from high school, the promise you made to finish your schooling has been completed. Another few years in some college classroom just doesn’t sound too attractive; so what are your choices? Let’s see, Choice 1—You can live with your parents and basically do nothing. Or Choice 2—You could get yourself a job. Of course, there are other choices, but for this little discussion, we’ll just suppose that they aren’t related.

Okay, so Choice 2 is obviously going to be more productive (有效的). You will finally be entering the real world. What would be a good place to start? Well, hopefully high school helped to give you some sort of an idea of what type of job you would like to enter. If not, then it would be a good idea to speak with an advisor or a person working in the field you may be interested in before you jump into a job that you won’t like. Gaining knowledge on a particular line of work beforehand can be good by helping you in your search to find the job that you will enjoy doing. Another reason to research jobs and get some hands on work is related to the fact that it will also be helpful in providing you with some valued experience. Internships (见习) or volunteering are usually a good place to start.

If you are ready to begin a job after high school, you will clearly be saving money from college cost and happily making a living in your chosen jobs. From another point of view, jumping into the workforce is sometimes the only way to see for yourself if you are ready to work a 40-hour week yet. If you decide that full time work is not what you are ready for, then this may suggest that you should go back to school and get a degree. Besides, a college degree will usually mean higher pay.

Two different

  62 

Ø  The first choice is that you do nothing, just   63   with your parents.

Ø  The second choice is that you could go out to   64  .

The   65   of

starting work

Ø  Speaking with other people for   66   about the job you may be interested in.

Ø  Getting knowledge in work can be good to help you find an   67   job. 

Ø  Internships or volunteering are a good   68  .

The   69   to

begin a job after high school

Ø  One is that you will not   70   for college cost clearly.

Ø  Another is that jumping into the workforce is sometimes the only way to help you   71   sure if you are really ready to work.

B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为72—81的相应位置上。

With cupcake stores opening all over the world, it’s e  72   for you to buy one. But have you ever heard about the world’s most expensive cupcake which is w  73   1,010 dollars?

Called “The Golden Phoenix”, it is an u  74   cupcake. It is made of the world’s best materials and i  75   23-carat edible (可食用的) gold! It is made by a creative team at Bloomsburys, a café t  76   offers British dining.

Ms Shafeena Ysuf Ali, the CEO of Bloomsburys’ came up with the idea about a month ago as a way to c  77   the opening of the restaurant in Dubai. She said at first they wanted to make the cupcake w  78   diamonds. Considering diamonds couldn’t be eaten, they finally d  79   to make it of edible gold.

The materials that were used to make the cupcake were such as Doves organic flour (有机面粉), Rachel’s finest butter and Italy’s cocoa (可可粉). Last b  80   not least, it was the best quality gold that is completely safe to eat.

To s  81   her masterpiece (杰作), Ms Ali placed it on a 24-carat gold plate.

72

▲ 

73

▲ 

74

▲ 

75

▲  

76

▲ 

77

▲ 

78

▲ 

79

▲ 

80

▲ 

81

▲ 

 

 

 

 

六、书面表达(满分15分)

 教育频道在中学生中开展了有关幸福观的讨论,请根据下表提示,用英语写一篇短文,叙述一些人的观点及理由,发表对其中某一观点的看法,并表示自已的观点和理由。

Students

Opinion

Reason

some

money

buying and doing anything

some

wealth (财富) from parents

free from work

I

注意:

1.文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。

2.语言通顺,意思连贯,条理清楚,书写规范。

3.词数80左右,文章的开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

What is Happiness

Happiness means different things to different people. For example, some       ▲    

                                     ▲                                     

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