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2013年南京市白下区中考一模英语试卷(含答案)

来源:http://nj.zhongkao.com/e/20130916/5236c0e426c77.shtml    作者:http://files.eduuu.com/ohr/2013/09/16/162700_5236c0d49c8f4.rar    2013-09-16 16:27:27

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2012/2013学年度第二学期第一阶段学业质量监测试卷

九年级英语

注意事项:

1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共10页,满分为96分;考试时间120分钟。

2.答案一律填涂或书写在答题卷上。选择题必须使用2B铅笔填涂,非选择题必须使用墨水笔书写。

第I卷  选择题(共45分)

一、单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项

1. Peter is ______ honest man so people in our village all believe him. 

  A. a                           B. an                         C. the                            D. 不填

2. It is reported Shenzhou 10 spacecraft will be sent up into space ______ June, 2013. 

  A. on                         B. at                          C. of                             D. in

3. —Would you like to walk along Yueya Lake with me tomorrow afternoon?

—Certainly, ______ I am too busy.

  A. when                     B. until                      C. unless                       D. since

4. We felt ______ when Li Na won the second prize in the Australian Open Championship.

A. proud                    B. brave                     C. modest                      D. successful

5. Peng Liyuan, the new first lady, has devoted ______ to charity activities over the years.

 A. she                        B. her                        C. hers                          D. herself

6. —May I help you? You seem to be having some problems.

—______, thanks. I think I can manage.

  A. All right                B. No problem            C. It’s all right               D. There’s no way

7. —Jim, how about keeping a dog as a pet?

—Good idea! But I prefer to have a cat. The dog is ______ to look after.

  A. difficult                 B. more difficult         C. most difficult             D. the most difficult

8. Listen! ______wonderful news report Mr Smith is giving! 

  A. How                      B. What                     C. How a                       D. What a

9. The teachers and the students ______ came to visit Nanjing Museum are from England.

 A. that                       B. which                    C. what                         D. whose

10.That is the only way we can imagine ______ the waste of water in students’ bathroom.

  A. stop                       B. stopped                  C. stopping                    D. to stop

11. —Do you know whether David will go cycling or not tomorrow?

   —David? Never! He ______outdoor activities.

  A. hates               B. hated               C. is hating             D. has hated

12.—Your uncle is a generous and kind man. 

—Yes. He is willing to ______ everyone in the company some help.

  A. offer                    B. cover                      C. provide                     D. suggest

13. A new park ______ in the southern part of the city in the near future.

  A.builds             B. has built            C. will build            D. will be built

14. —I want to know ______. 

—I’m afraid that we can’t be there on time.

  A. why we arrived at the airport late              B. if we will reach the airport late

  C. how can we get to the airport                    D. when are we going to reach the airport

15. —We got here on Monday morning.      

—______ Why didn’t you call me earlier?

  A. Good luck!           B. You did?                 C. It’s no surprise.          D. You are welcome.

二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  阅读下面短文,从各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

You need some of the talents of a good actor: you must be able to hold the attention and interest of your students, you must be a clear speaker,   16   agood, strong pleasing voice which is fully under your control, and you must be able to act what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning   17  .

Watch a good teacher, and you will see that he does not sit quietly before his class: he stands the whole time he is teaching, he walks about, using his   18  , hands and fingers to help him in his explanation, and his face to express feelings. Listen to him, and you will hear the loudness, the quality and the musical note of his voice always   19   according to what he is talking about. The fact that a good teacher has some of the talents of a good actor doesn’t   20   that he will be able to perform well on the stage, for there are very important   21   between the teacher’s work and the actor’s.

The actor has to speak words which he has learnt by heart, he has to repeat exactly the same words each time he plays a certain part,   22   his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually prepared beforehand(提前). What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem natural on the stage.

A good teacher   23   inquite a different way. His students take an active part in his class. They ask and answer questions. However, sometimes they don’t   24   anything, the teacher therefore has to suit his act to the needs of his students, which is in his class. He can’t keep his part in his mind, but must   25   it as he goes along. I have known many teachers who were fine actors in class but unable to take part in a stage-play because they could not keep strictly to what another had written.

16. A. about                  B. with                         C. for                           D. under

17. A. clear                   B. common                   C. difficult                   D. different

18. A. words              B. languages                 C. arms                        D. ears

19. A. making              B. changing                  C. expressing                D. giving

20. A. talk                    B. express                     C. speak                    D. mean

21. A. things                 B. differences               C. points                             D. advantages

22. A. just                    B. seldom                     C. ever                         D. even

23. A. walks                 B. works                             C. learns                    D. replies

24. A. give                   B. put                          C. follow                      D. hear

25. A. create                 B. discover                   C. teach                        D. continue

三、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

    阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

GiftPalace

 2333 Blossom Hill Road

 San Jose, CA 95030

 Date: July 23, 2012

 Time: 9:54am

Item                    Quantity        Price

Black Sony telephone                 1                    $37.50

Picture frame                            2                    $7.50

Roll of film                              2                    $4.00 each

DVD – The Lion King               2                    $15.00

Roll of gift wrap                       1                    $3.00

 

Subtotal(小计)                           $71.00

Tax(税) 5%                                                    $3.55

Total                                                              $74.55

26. What is the most expensive thing?

   A. The DVD.           B. The telephone.   C. The roll of film.    D. The picture frame.

27. If the customer wants another roll of gift wrap, how much more will he pay?

   A. $0.15.           B. $3.00.         C. $3.15.            D. $77.55.

B

From: n.ruby@freemail.com (Neil Ruby)

    To: rocketman@aol.com(Jeff Talor)

 Subject: Hot Summer

 Hey Jeff,

 How’s it going? Are you having a good summer? The weather here is Hot! I don’t even like going outside. Sometimes, I go outside—to go swimming!

    Do you remember my dog Pango? Well, now she’s a mother, with five puppies. They’re cute. Do you want one?

    Let’s see....Oh, my sister is going to university soon. That’s pretty cool. Then I can have her room. Yes!

    Keep in touch.

 Neil

28. From the email we know Neil ______hot weather.

   A. loves                   B. prefers                   C. doubts                       D. dislikes

29. What does the underlined sentence “Keep in touch.” mean in this email ?

   A. Be well.               B. Stay in contact.       C. Take care.                  D. Enjoy yourself.

30. Which of the following is true?

   A. Neil wants to give Jeff a puppy.              B. Neil never goes outside.

   C. Jeff’s living area is also very hot.            D. Jeff doesn’t know Pango.

C

If you want to do a school project on children’s rights, you can look on the Internet for some information. A United Nations website can show you plenty of useful information for the project.

The United Nations lists the rights of children. Most countries agree all of them, but some countries do not. The following are some of the most important rights of children:

28. Children have the right to be properly fed, clothed and sheltered by their family. If their family can’t do so, the government should take responsibility.

27. Children have the right to an education and medical care, which should be provided by the government.

28. Children must not be cruelly punished by their parents or any others.

29. Children have the right to expect the government to protect them from all kinds of abuse and neglect(虐待和忽略).

30. No child under fifteen should be made to fight in an army.

31. Children have the right to be protected from being made to work too hard to make money for other people.

In some countries children do not have these rights. Many young children are made to work

long hours in factories and on farms. In some countries there are so few schools that only rich children get an education. There are not enough doctors or nurses to help many children when they are sick.

The rights of children are, therefore, the rights people think children should have. They are

not always the rights children really have.

31. ______agree with the United Nations’ list of children’s rights.

   A. All countries        B. A few countries       C. No countries              D. Most countries

32. The underlined word “responsibility” in the passage means ______.

   A. something people have to do                   B. something people want to do

   C. something people know how to do           D. something people love to do

33. Which of the following sentences is true according to the passage?

   A. Parents should punish their children.      

B. Children should make money for other people.

C. Governments should protect children from neglect.

D. Children under sixteen should not fight in an army.

34. Some children can’t get an education because ______.

   A. there aren’t enough schools                     B. there are no schools

   C. they come from rich families                  D. they want to work in factories

35. What’s the main idea of this passage?

   A. Children are made to work long hours on farms.

   B. The United Nations website is useful for the school project.

   C. Children have the right to be properly fed, clothed and sheltered.

   D. The United Nations has listed the rights it thinks children should have.

D

Space vegetables are grown from seeds (种子) that have been taken to space and brought back to the earth. The seeds are affected by the radiation (辐射) and low gravity in space. When they are brought back to the earth, these seeds produce vegetables that are bigger and healthier than normal vegetables. However, some people worry about eating space vegetables. They think that space vegetables might not be good for us and could make us get sick because of the radiation in space. However, people should not be frightened because space vegetables are very healthy.

Here are some facts that you should know about space vegetables.

Space vegetables are grown from seeds that are carefully chosen. When seeds are brought back from space, they are tested to make sure that they will be safe to eat.

Space vegetables are better for you than normal vegetables. For example, space tomatoes stay fresh for twenty days, which is one week longer than normal tomatoes.

After genetically modified (转基因) food appeared in the market, people worried that they were eating unknown things. For example, if nut genes (坚果基因) are put inside potatoes, people allergic to nuts might get sick from eating these potatoes because they do not know they are also eating nuts. Unlike genetically modified food, space vegetables have not been genetically changed. This means that no new genes are put into the vegetables. Therefore, there are nodangers of eating something unknown.

36. The seeds brought back from space produce ______vegetables according to the passage.

   A. more delicious                                       B. healthier and bigger

C. more dangerous                                     D. cheaper and healthier

37. Genetically modified food is different from space vegetables because it ______.

   A. is grown in space                                   B. has nothing unknown

   C. has been genetically changed                   D. has no new genes

38. According to the passage, normal tomatoes can stay fresh for about ______days.

   A. seven                B. thirteen                     C. twenty                      D. twenty-seven

39. The underlined word “allergic” means “______” in Chinese.

   A. 过敏                B. 种植                        C. 发现                        D. 出售

40. The writer wants to tell us that ______.

   A. space vegetables are grown in space

   B. everybody worries about eating space vegetables

   C. space vegetables are safe and good for people to eat

   D. space vegetables may bring illness to us because of the radiation in space

E

In the summer of 2011 my friend and I decided to go to Italy for a holiday and we decided to travel there without going through a travel agency. You know, you would not be seen among the tourists and lose lots of chances to get familiar with the country more closely. We started to think over our trip and tried to come up with a free tour to Italy.

The trip was not very long but it was so exciting that we never forgot. We look forward to going there again! Of course, we spent lots of time arranging the trip, but it was well worth it! Of course I was afraid that something would go wrong and I was especially worried about my visa, but everything went quite well in the end.

The most difficult part was getting a visa without an invitation. In the Italian consulate (领事馆), one must hand in some official paper proving that one has a hotel booked for oneself in order to get the visa. Then we had to solve the ticket problem. Airlines often sell cheaptickets and we bought ours far earlier. The next step was to book a hotel. We finally booked a hotel about 30 km away from the centre of Rome and it was the perfect choice for our trip.

Every day we took a train that carried us to the centre of Rome. Our big house was among the forest. The beautiful views, nice hosts, comfortable living conditions made us happy to no end. Besides this, we were very lucky that our hostess was Russian. She gave us a lot of advice that wasof great use. She told us what transport to choose and where the best places to go.

Don’t be afraid to arrange your trip by yourself. It’s not difficult! The only thing I’ll say right now is that wereally enjoy travelling by ourselves. We walked with a map and a guide-book wherever we wanted to go and we even met some of our countrymen on the way just two or three times. So, if you’re also planning a “single” trip, don’t forget to take a Russian-Italian phrasebook as people in Italy prefer to speak in their local language.

41. From the passage, we know the writer chose the free tour to Italy because ______.

   A. his friend invited him there          

B. he wanted to spend less money

C. it was very hard for him to find a travel agency

D. he wanted to get familiar with the country more closely

42. The hardest thing in preparing for his Italian trip was ______.

   A. booking a comfortable hotel on his own in Rome

   B. buying cheap airline tickets to Italy before travelling

   C. solving the ticket problem and booking a hotel far earlier

   D. getting a visa from the Italian consulate without an invitation

 

43. In the fourth paragraph the writer mainly explains why______.

   A. the hostess gave them some advice

   B. he chose to live in the centre of Rome

   C. the hotel he booked was the right choice

   D. they chose to travel by train during their Italian trip

44. Which of the following questions is NOT answered in the article?

   A. How did the writer prepare for his trip?

   B. Why did the writer decide to go to Italy for a holiday?

   C. What transport did the writer choose for his travelling?

   D. Why did the writer decide not to go through a travel agency?

45. From the article, we can know the writer ______.

   A. likes to travel with tour guides

   B. met a lot of his countrymen in Italy

   C. advises us to arrange trips by ourselves

   D. enjoys travelling everywhere in the world

 

第Ⅱ卷  非选择题 (共51分)

(请将答案填写在答题上)

四、填空(共16小题;每小题1分,满分16分)

A) 根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为46—50的相应位置上。

46. Our classroom is on the ______ (第二) floor of the teaching building.

47. There is running water inside, but very yellow, unable to brush ______ (牙齿).

48. Our teachers are patient enough to spend a lot of time ______ (解释) things to us.

49. Get out of your cars. Choose bikes, buses or subways ______ (代替).

50. People all over the world love ______ (和平) and hate war.

B) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为51—56的相应位置上。

51. We all know that the two ______ (direct) homes are close to each other.

52. If someone does not show good manners to others, he is ______ (polite).

53. ______ (luck), the 4-year-old boy with the H7N9 bird flu infection has been cured.

54. More and more people have realized that we should ______ (protect) the environment.

55. Although tea is good for our health, some young people aren’t used to ______ (drink) it.

56. Our house is a little larger than ______ (they) and it has more furniture in it.

 

C) 根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为57—61的相应位置上。

  

A: Have you heard of giant pandas in Canada?

B: No! What’s the matter?

A: Two giant pandas Er Shun and Da Mao   57   Canada last month, and they are now resting in the Toronto Zoo.

B: That sounds   58  . Can you say something more about these two giant pandas? I know     

  little about them.

A: Both giant pandas travelled well, with   59   almost 200 kg of apples and 200 kg of bamboo during their flight. Er Shun and Da Mao have not met each other yet. They will keep separated (分开的)   60   the Chinese giant panda experts and the Toronto Zoo keepers decide the most suitable time for them to meet face-to-face.

B: Great! Let’s see them sometime.

A: We   61   wait. Their exhibit won’t open before May 18th.

五、阅读填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

A)阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后62-71小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单

词,并将答案填写在答题卷标号为62—71的相应位置上。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词

Gap year adventures – don’t the very words make you smile?! They do. The words “gap year adventures” remind you of images of beaches, mountains and forests, memories of friends and experiences we’ll never, ever forget. Gap year adventures come in all lengths and costs – it’s up to you to make the most of it.

Long or short?

It’s entirely up to you how long your gap year adventure is. You can spend as little as a week abroad, or more than 12 months.

How much will it cost?

The million-dollar question! Thankfully, the answer isn’t a million dollars! Gap year adventures don’t have to cost the earth.

Plus, gap year adventures can include earning money, so you can pay for some independent (自主的) travel, and if your adventure is in somewhere like Thailand, the cost of living is much less than back home.

Volunteering, working, learning, travelling...?

Planning your gap year adventure is half the fun. The choices are various - you can devote your gap year adventure to learning a new skill or improving an existing one, earning some money or exploring a country. Or you can do a mixture of things.

Will I be safe?

As long as you’re sensible, you almost certainly will be. Gap year adventures aren’t 100 per cent foolproof (万无一失的), but then neither (也不) is a trip to the movies. Sometimes things don’t go quite to plan but one of the things that gap year adventures teach people is how to deal with problems inunfamiliar situations.

 

  62   to plan your gap year adventures? 

Gap year adventures can help you   63   beaches, mountains and forests, experiences and friends that you will   64  ,ever forget.

Length

It’s your own   65   whether your trip is for one week or more than twelve months.

Cost

You don’t need to spend   66  . What’s more, gap year adventures can include earning money, so you are able to   67   some independent travel. The cost of living back home is much   68   than that of living in places like Thailand.

Choice

You can learn a   69  , earn some money or just travel.

  70 

As long as you’re sensible, you almost certainly will be safe. However, sometimes things don’t go quite to plan   71   atrip to the movies.

B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题标号为72—81的相应位置上。 

Driving your own car saves you from the trouble of catching buses and trains. But with the gas prices and parking costs up, are you sure driving your own car to work every day is still a

w  72   choice?

Of all the problems on costs, energy consumption (花费) is the b  73   one in having too many cars on the road. You must have noticed already how t  74   the traffic is. That leads to a great part of greenhouse effect.

With all these d  75   of using a private (私人的) car as a way of transportation, you surely can do something smart and come up with your own green vehicle ride. What can you do to r  76   your costs on gas and at the same time, help form an eco-friendly lifestyle?

The most p  77   way to solve this problem on transportation is the ride share. This is a smart and fun way to travel to w  78  . You can call your neighbors and friends to just one vehicle. Here are some of the advantages of s  79   aride with your friends:

15. You can save up on gas and parking costs.

16. You can help improve traffic.

17. You can help make less air pollution.

18. You can help save o  80  , which is a non-renewable form of energy.

19. You can enjoy your travel with friends and have a good time, as compared if you are driving a  81  .

20. You can help put your own efforts to creating an eco-friendly lifestyle that people can get on well with others in the world.

 

六、书面表达(满分15分)

目前,有些中学生在“崇尚节俭,文明做人”方面做得不够好,在校园里有时会看到以下图片中的情形。请你选择以下现象中的几种或全部进行描述,并就中学生如何“杜绝浪费,文明做人”提出至少两点建议。

要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的校名、人名。

      2. 语言通顺,意思连贯,书写规范。

      3. 词数80左右。文章的开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

 

    Some middle school students aren’t doing enough in “advocating thrift and being civilized”.                                                                                               

                                    ▲                                

                                    ▲                                

                                    ▲                                

                                    ▲                                

                                    ▲                               

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