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2012年南京市白下区中考英语二模试卷(含答案)

来源:http://nj.zhongkao.com/e/20130815/520c9623f30eb.shtml    作者:http://files.eduuu.com/ohr/2013/05/03/105329_518326a94af4a.zip    2013-05-03 10:54:15

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白下区2011-12第二学期第二阶段英语学业质量监测试卷

第一卷 选择题(共45分)(将答案按序号填在答卷纸上)

一、单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. Lin Shuhao, now _______ NBA star, used to be a student of the Harvard University.

A. a            B. the          C. an               D. /

2. I found there was only one copy of “Bighead Son and Small-head Father” on the bookshelf, so I decided to buy _______ at once.

A. it                B. one         C. this             D. that 

3. — What _______ do you have for Daniel?

 — I think he should study harder than before.

A. news           B. advice           C. help             D. idea

4. Lots of trees ________in our city over the years. It is becoming greener and greener!

A. are planting                       B. have planted      

C. will be planted                    D. have been planted

5. — The dish doesn’t taste _______. It’s too salty.

— Sorry, sir. Maybe the cook put a little more salt.

A. terrible           B. terribly         C. delicious   D. well

6. —Mike’s parents have bought a 2-floor house with a swimming pool.

   —Oh, it________ be very expensive.

  A. must           B. can          C. need         D. should

7. The aged lady smiles so sweetly that she _________ me of my beloved grandmother.

 A. realizes          B. thinks                C. misses         D. reminds

8. —Mr. Li, let’s go fishing this weekend with Lao Wang, shall we?

—I’d love to, but nobody knows if he _______ free then.

A. will               B. is               C. will be          D. has been

9. I’m really looking forward to J.K. Rowling’s new book ________.

A. coming out         B. coming on    C. putting out      D. putting on 

10. I walked _____ the post office and turned left into the Park Road. Then I found the bus stop just on my right.

A. across             B. past        C. through          D. along

11. — Shall we go for a hiking this weekend?

   — All right, ________ it rains.

  A. if             B. unless           C. when             D. until

12.Great changes have taken place around the world. Nobody can tell _____ in 20 years.

A. what will it be like              B. how it looked like 

C. what it will be like                   D. how did it look like

13. —May I have your name?

— _______.

A. Yes, please        B. All right   C. Of course        D. Call me Yang, please

14. Nobody knew who was the first ________ at school that morning when the window was broken.

  A. arriving           B. arrived          C. to arrive        D. have arrived

15. —Don’t have your mobile phone on when you are in the library.

   —__________.A. No, I will     B. No, I won’t     C. Yes, I will      D. Yes, I won’t    二、完形填空(每小题1分,共10小题;满分10分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Two teachers were sitting in the teachers' room. For a moment there was silence. Then one of them, Miss Smith, said, "I'm afraid I'd have to fail him! I just can’t let him   16   . "

"Now Alice," said her friend, Mrs Jackson, "is he so terrible a student?"

"That's just the trouble!" the other woman answered, "Tom was ever my   17   student. The problem is that he is so lazy that he never gets his work done. He hasn't handed me a piece of homework for three     18    !"

Mrs Jackson had never seen Miss Smith so   19   before. "Have you had a word with him about it?" she asked.

"Why should I? Every student must hand in homework. I made    20   very clear on the first day for class.  I don't know what has happened. When the lessons started, he did so well that I   21   thought about asking the school to give him a scholarship(奖学金). But now he often sleeps in class! I've never seen such a  22   in a student."

"You should have a talk with him. Give him a chance. "

Miss Smith spoke to Tom and learned all about it. He was studying all day and working most of the night in a factory to   23    for his schooling. Of course he was   24   in class and sometimes could hardly   25   awake. Miss Smith soon asked the school to give him a scholarship and he was able to devote himself to his lessons again.

16. A. leave            B. pass         C. work         D. sleep

17. A. laziest         B. busiest        C. worst         D. best 

18. A. minutes          B. hours        C. weeks        D. years 

19. A. worried          B. pleased          C. useless          D. kind

20. A. them         B. him              C. that             D. one

21. A. even             B. only         C. mostly           D. still 

22. A. trouble          B. hope         C. change           D. danger 

23. A. pay              B. call             C. save             D. share 

24. A. forgetful       B. careless         C. asleep      D. tired

25. A. seem             B. keep             C. look             D. get 

三、阅读理解(每小题1分,共20小题;满分20分)

阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Summer Camps for Children

ZEM, Education Language Summer Camp

Ages:8-14 You can come to this 2-week camp to learn Spanish in a good environment. There you can take part in lots of activities, such as camping, swimming and mountain-biking with Spanish children.

Anglia Summer School

Ages: 8-19   Our summer school is something special. You can learn about stage work,such as acting, singing and dancing. As well as improving these skills you will also be able to learn about teamwork.

Science Camp

Ages: 4-14   Our camp provides the chance for children to make discoveries. It is not only fun but also educational. This camp has many activities in areas such as chemistry, nature and technology. You can also do plenty of exciting science experiments here.

A Rock Star Camp

Ages:8-16   This camp is perfect for creating superstars. We are ready to discover and train musical children who want to become superstars.

26. How many days does the language summer camp last?

A. 7 days         B. 10 days          C. 14 days          D. 15 days

27. Which of the following cannot you learn in Anglia Summer Camp?

A. Acting             B. Singing          C. Dancing          D. Camping

28. Peter is very interested in animals. Which summer camp do you think he should take part in?

A. A Rock Star Camp           B. Anglia Summer School

C. Science Camp           D. ZEM, Education Language Summer Camp

29. If you are fifteen years old this year, how many summer camps can you take part in?

A. One            B. Two          C. Three            D. Four

30. Where can you probably read this passage?

A. In a book about children’s education.

B. On a poster about summer activities for children.

C. In a magazine about superstars.

D. On a website about schools for children.

B

    Europeans are being dug out from heavy snow after a week of very cold weather. The snowstorm is theharshest to hit Europe. Airports were shut down. And schools have been closed for a week.

    Until Wednesday, at least 400 people across Europe had died because of the cold temperature. Several countries have said a state of emergency. In Ukraine, temperatures dropped as low as -33℉.

    Although the situation is bad, at least one country is hoping the weather will last a little longer. In the Netherlands, the government is preparing for the country’s “11 Cities Tour”. The 125-mile ice-skating marathon will be held along a network which joins 11 towns and cities together in Friesland Province.

    The ice along the way must be inches thick for the event. Up to 2 million people are thought to cheer on the race’s 16,000 competitors.

    On Wednesday, Dutch soldiers joined in the preparations. They cleaned snow along the way. This will be the 16th time that the event has taken place since the first race in 1909. Dutch General Hans said his soldiers were happy to lend a hand. “We want to do our bit for this national party.” he said.

31.What is “11 Cities Tour”?

A. It’s a 125-mile ice skating marathon.    B. It’s a 11-mile ice skating marathon.

C. It’s a 16000-mile ice skating marathon.   D. It’s a 33-mile ice skating marathon.

32. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Thousands of people across Europe died because of the weather.

B. The ice should be less than 6 inches thick for the event.

C. No country is glad to see the cold weather.  D. The first “11 Cities Tour” began in 1909.

33. Who helped clean snow along the way?

A. French soldiers        B. Dutch soldiers    C. Ukrainian soldiers          D. American soldiers

34. The underlined word “harshest” means _______ in the passage.

A. safest    B. most enjoyable       C. most serious         D. happiest

35. The passage is mainly about______.

A. the hard situation Europe faces        B. the European cold weather

C. preparations for a national party      D. the coldest season in Europe

 

 

C

A thief entered the bedroom of the 30th President of the United States, who met him and helped him escape punishment.

The event happened in the early morning hours on one of the first days when Calvin Coolidge came into power, late in August,1923. He and his family were living in the same third-floor suite (套房) at the Willard Hotel in Washington that they had moved in several years before. The former President’s wife was still living in the White House.

Coolidge woke up to see a stranger go through his clothes, remove a wallet and a watch chain.

Coolidge spoke, “I wish you wouldn’t take that.”

The thief, gaining his voice, said, “Why?”

“I don’t mean the watch and chain, only the charm (表坠). Take it near the window and read the words on its back, ” the president said.

The thief read, “ Presented to Calvin Coolidge.”

“Are you President Coolidge?” he asked.

The president answered, “ Yes, and the House of Representatives(众议院)gave me the watch charm. I’m fond of it. It would do you no good. You want money. Let’s talk this over.”

Holding up the wallet, the young man said in a low voice, “I’ll take this and leave everything else.”

Coolidge, knowing there was 80 dollars in it, asked the young man to sit down and talk. He told the President he and his college roommate had overspent during their holiday and did not have enough money to pay their hotel bill.

Coolidge added up the roommate two rail tickets back to the college. Then he counted out 32 dollars and said it was a loan (借款).

He then told the young man, “There is a guard in the corridor(走廊).” The young man nodded and left through the same window as he had entered.

36. What caused the thief to meet the President?

A. He knew the president had lots of money.  B. He knew the president lived in the suite.

C. He wanted to be a rich businessman.      D. He wanted to steal some money.

37. Why did Calvin Coolidge live at the Willard Hotel in those days?

A. Because the former president was still in the White House.

B. Because the former First Lady hadn’t left the White House.

C. Because the hotel was suitable for the First Family to live.

D. Because the First lady liked to live there.

38. Coolidge counted out 32 dollars______.

A. in order to be out of danger   B. to make more money from the loan

C. in order not to be killed by the thief    D. so that the student could overcome his difficulty

39. The young man’s roommate went back to college _____.

A. by bus         B. by water         C. by train     D. by air

40. Which of the following might happen afterwards?

A. The thief was put into prison.     B. The young man repaid the 32 dollars.

C. The President told many reporters the thief’s name. D. The President ordered the young man to repay the money.

D

One bag, that’s it.   The importance of packing light cannot be overemphasized(过度强调). Limit yourself to 20 pounds in a carry-on bag. A 9’× 22’ ×14’ bag fits under most airplane seats. And after you enjoy that sweet mobility and freedom, you’ll never go any other way.

You’ll walk with your luggage(行李) more than you think you will. Before leaving home, give yourself a test. Pack up completely, and practice being a tourist for an hour. Fully loaded, you should enjoy window-shopping. If you can’t, go home and thin things out.

Packing light isn’t just about the trip over and back—it’s about your traveling lifestyle. Too much luggage marks you as a typical tourist. It slams the back door shut. Changing locations becomes an important operation. With only one bag, you’re mobile and in control. Take this piece of advice seriously. Pack light, and pack smart. These days, you can’t bring anything possibly dangerous—such as knives, lighters or large amounts of liquid (液体)—in your bag.

What to bring?

How do you fit a whole trip’s worth of luggage into a small backpack or suitcase(衣箱)? The answer is simple: bring very little.

Bring out everything you think you might need on the floor. Pick up one item(件) at a time and check it. Ask yourself—not “Will I use it?”, but—“Will I use it enough to feel good about carrying it all the way? The world is getting really small—you can buy Colgate toothpaste, Nivea cream and Gillette razors in almost every country.

Think aboutwhat you can do without—not what will be convenient on your trip. When in doubt, leave it out.

41. What do the last two paragraphs mainly talk about?

A. Packing light is a kind of travelling lifestyle.

B. Packing light can give you mobility and freedom.

C. How to find out what to take and what not to take on a trip.

D. How to find out if your luggage is too heavy.

42. You are allowed to take _______with you when you travel according to the passage.

A. Colgate toothpaste     B. Lighters    C. Knives     D. a great deal of liquid

43. The underlined part “thin things out” possibly means________.

  A. make things thin to bring              B. make your luggage lighter

  C. take out dangerous things              D. throw useless things away

44. The author seems to believe that _________.

A. people had better bring nothing when they travel

B. people can use Nivea cream only in their home town

C. the importance of packing light is overemphasized now

D. you will be easily seen as a tourist with a lot of luggage

45. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Dying for a trip                       B. Things to take on a trip

C. Pack light and pack right              D. Travelling: a typical way of life

第二卷 非选择题(共51分)

四、填空(每小题1分,共16小题;满分16分)

A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确。

46. Our English teacher gave us many   ▲  (建议) on the study of a foreign language.

47. As we all know, a year is   ▲   (划分) into 12 different star signs.

48. Is that Miss Lee? She is much   ▲  (苗条) than before.

49. Robert enjoys   ▲  (收集) stamps and now he has 300 of them.

50. The Canadian singer Justin Bieber became famous   ▲   (立即)after his song “Baby”.

B)根据句子意思,用括号中所给的单词适当形式填空。

51.  ▲   (wolf) belong to the dog family, living and hunting together.

52. With the money donated, we have   ▲  (success) helped many poor young girls return to school.

53. If we always keep our worries to   ▲   (we), things will get even worse.

54. Our head teacher warned us   ▲  (not fly) kites near power lines in spring.

55. Though it seemed   ▲   (hope) to pass the exam, he still kept on trying.

56. A recent scientific report says three   ▲   (eight) of the school students suffer from sub-health(亚健康).

C)根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确。

 

 
 

requires,  interested in,  get good grades in,  simply,  progress

 

 

 

 

Tom:I give up! I    57    can’t learn English!

Amy:  Why do you say that? I think you are making a lot of    58    .

Tom:  No, I’m not. I try and try and I still can’t speak it very well.

Amy:  Learning any language    59     a lot of effort. Please don’t give up.

Tom:  Amy, I know you always    60    English. Can you offer me some valuable advice?

Amy:  Listening to English tapes and watching English movies may be helpful. But always remember your English will improve if you are really    61    it.

Tom:  Good idea. I will try to love English.

五、阅读填空(每小题1分,共20小题;满分20分)

A) 根据所读内容,在文章后第62—71小题的空格里填入恰当的单词。每个空格只填1个单词。

Venice, a city in the northeast of Italy, is famous throughout the world for its buildings and romantic canals (运河). But in February every year, people come to Venice for another reason. The city carnival fills the place with excitement and fun. This year, the celebration runs from February 4 to 21.

Colorful costumes have always played a very important role in the Venetian carnival. The carnival happens at the start of the Christian fasting (斋戒) period of Lent. It was traditionally a time to go a bit crazy with eating, drinking, dancing and dressing up before the fast began. People used masks to hide their social identity so that the nobility(贵族) would look no different from the commoners.

Today the carnival is largely for the tourists. “Venetians don’t dress up for Carnival after the age of 10.” Giuseppina Giudice, who has lived in the city all her life, told the Guardian. “All we see of Carnival is a river of strangers who flow into town to feel ‘Venetian’. They fill it, buy a cheap mask and leave with nothing but photographs of St Mark’s Square.”

Some locals want to bring back the original (最初的) feel of Carnival. In 2009, two social networking groups started organizing their own carnival. Visitors were invited. But there were no expensive tickets or fancy ball dresses---- just an old-fashioned Italian street party. “Tourists are welcome to our party ---- the more we can show them about the real Venice rather than the postcard Venice, the better,” Matteo Secchi, one of the organizers, told the Guardian.

Topic: Carnival in Venice

Location

Venice lies    62    of Italy.

   63   

This year people    64    the carnival from February 4 to 21.

Traditions

﹡It’s a time to go    65    with eating, drinking, dancing and dressing up before fasting begins.

﹡People always wear colorful costumes and    66    to hide their social identity.

   67       situations

﹡Today the festival is largely for every     68   .

﹡Some locals want to bring back the original    69     of Carnival.

﹡In 2009, two social networking groups    70    their own carnival. They wanted to show what an old-fashioned Italian street    71    should be like.

B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。

One cold midnight after the birthday party of Tom’s, my husband Jack and I were driving home w   72    suddenly our car stopped. “We’ve covered half the way.” I said. “There must be something wrong with the car. I can’t start it again,” said Jack.

What a car! We got out to look around f   73    help, but could there be any person at s   74    an hour? It was dark and nothing could be done to make it go. We h   75    to walk home. We knew it would take us 2 hours to get home on foot, and we were so tired. But what else could take us home? It was so c   76    in the car. At once we began to walk home.

We were at the door at about 2:30 when I r   77    that I had left the key in the car! How  s    78    it is! “Break the window and climb in.” said Jack. He picked up a stone, broke the window and was ready to climb when someone from behind caught Jack by the a   79   . It was a policeman!

“What are you going to do, man?” he asked. “Come with me to the police s   80   , you two!”

I told him the whole story. At last he understood what I had said and I was a   81   to get in.

It was three o’clock in the morning!

六、书面表达(共1题;满分15分)

当今,微博越来越普及,尤其在年轻人的日常生活中已经成为不可缺少的一部分。与博客不同,微博的内容要少一些。不过过度或不当地使用微博会浪费时间、精力和金钱,我们初中生更不能沉溺其中。请根据下图提示,用英语写一篇短文, 描述图片所示现象,并谈谈个人对此事的观点(至少两点)。

要求:1、词数100左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数)

      2、可参照图示及上面的说明作必要的想象和发挥,但不要逐句作简单翻译。

3、参考词汇:微博 microblog  n.; 便利 convenience  n. ;沉溺于 be lost in

 

           
     
 
     
 
   

 

 

 

Microblog, as its name shows, is a kind of blog, which is different from a traditional blog in that its content is smaller in size. ___________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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